Reproductive health (RH) has been defined as: “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity of the reproductive system”.  RH addresses the reproductive processes, functions and systems at all stages of life, and includes fertility regulation, safe motherhood, infant and child survival, sexually transmitted disease including HIV/AIDS, and the prevention of unsafe abortion. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that RH accounts for about 20% of the global burden of disease.  As a result of its effects on population dynamics, its practice is a central consideration in global development. It was therefore not surprising that five of the eight Millennium Development Goals agreed to by world leaders for promoting global development at the turn of the new Millennium were founded on the principles of RH.