For about three decades, the Department of Community Health has been conducting surveys and interventions in urban and rural communities largely in the current Edo State. Many of these programmes have focused on Reproductive and Family Health at household level and school levels. These programmes are conducted as parts of undergraduate and postgraduate training curricula, including theses, in University of Benin (MBBS; MPH) and University of Benin Teaching Hospital (National and West African Postgraduate Medical Colleges). The programme efforts have largely focussed contributing to reduction of maternal and childhood deaths in Nigeria. The MPH and Fellowship programmes have been the mainstay of the Reproductive and Family Health training at postgraduate level. The increasing human resource gaps in top-level expertise in the subspecialties of Public Health have long opened up the need for multiple masters’ programmes in Public Health. This has led to the conception of the Master of Public Health in Reproductive and Family Health and the Doctor of Philosophy in Public Health (Reproductive and Family Health) programmes. The emergence of the Centre of Excellence in Reproductive Health Research and Innovations (CERHRI) provided the trigger to develop these programmes.